genealogical databases, historical information, and other material as a
way of sharing the results of years of research with others who may be
interested. The material focusing on Red Lake Indian enrollments
was compiled with the advice of experts who have worked on a number of
Indian Claims cases, and the database was intended to be rock-solid
and legally sustainable.
Work on the databases ended after Wub-e-ke-niew's death in October 1997, and in the interest of balancing the historical integrity of the databases with accuracy, changes made since that time have been clearly identified - and we welcome your corrections.
The only significant change not specifically identified is a formatting one: in the process of transferring the information from the PAF 2.31 (DOS) database to web pages, the information in two 'fields' did not transfer: the ID No. field - which we had used to code sources - and the Title field, which included phonetic coding designed to make it easier to find erratically spelled 'Indian names.' We are working on getting PHP database online; it will display these fields.
The databases were as accurate as humanly possible, but there are errors: in the source materials, as well as - occasionally and despite our best efforts - in entering the information into the databases.
The sharp focus of all of the databases here is historical, centered on the Red Lake enrollments through 1938, and where there are differences between the /Red Lake/ database and the other databases compiled in the twentieth century, the information in the Red Lake one is the more accurate.
The 1958 Red Lake base rolls and 1983 payment rolls were included mostly because of community interest. Transcription of the 1958 rolls was done by the WELSA office, at that time in Cass Lake, and there are a few errors although I don't know if they were made by the transcriber at WELSA, or were a part of the original base rolls. There are also a few errors - not many, but a few - in the 1983 rolls. An effort was made to copy that document exactly - including the (at least a couple of obvious) errors that were a part of the original B.I.A. printout..
Except as noted above, the sources for individuals are listed in the "Notes for ... " field for each person, and most of those sources are further detailed in the Bibliography. Ojibwe.info is not responsible for what the B.I.A., missionaries, and other record-keepers did in compiling their 'Indian records.'
Both 'blood quantum' and 'tribal enrollment' are determined in political processes created by the United States, but inequities in tribal enrollment cannot generally be resolved through U.S. courts (see the U.S. Supreme Court's 1978 decision in Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez).
We welcome your comments and corrections. Please contact the webmaster.