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Notes for Louise Obezhegeshigoqua Fineday HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: "<:},\:};\"\': (1857) O be zhe ge shig oquay [58:67a]

!NAME: "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-ge-shig-oquah [V.R. #255]

!NAME: "(<;/;\;{;\"\': Louise Om-bi-mi-gi-ji-go-kwe [WELSA]

!NAME: "Rising Day Woman" [V.R. #255]

!NAME: Roberts, Louise (1857) [58:67a] [Powell 10/0278]

!NAME: Hole-in-the-Day, Louise (1857) [V.R. #255+] (O-909, a-706) [Powell

!NAME: Fineday, Louisa [V.R.]

!GENEALOGY: Minnesota Historical Society, R.J. Powell Papers, Microf. M-455,
Roll 10, Powell Genealogies, family #58:16, [notation: "X M/"]
  Roll 14/0025, Mixed Blood
(allotted as Om-be-me-ge-shig-o-quay, a.k.a. Louise Roberts)

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_VIRGINIA_ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #255, #731

!WELSA_Genealogy_Sheets, Red Lake,
Return to Louise Obezhegeshigoqua Fineday HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Maggie (Vanoss) HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: Hole-in-the-day, Maggie (1881) [15:205] (O-906) [Powell 10/0146]

!NAME: Hole-in-the-Day, Margaret (NOV 2, 1881 - JUL 18, 1934) (WE-906) [V.R.

!GENEALOGY: Minnesota Historical Society, R.J. Powell Papers, Microf. M-455,
Roll 10, Powell Genealogies, family #15:95
  Powell 14/0025, living in 1917, Mixed Blood

three boys and four girls born between 1905 and 1916 with Charles
Return to Maggie (Vanoss) HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Maria Antoinette HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_V._ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64, baptized age 11
years.  Godparents were Chartier, Charles and Dun, Maria or Gun,
Return to Maria Antoinette HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Maria Francoise HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_V._ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64, baptized 13 Jun
1873, no age.  Godparents were Bisson, Mark and Branchaud,
Return to Maria Francoise HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Mary Elizabeth "Isabelle"Kenese HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: \:^:-:\': Ke-ne-se-quay = Hole-in-the-day, Isabelle =
Hole-in-the-day, Mary Elizabeth "Isabelle" [VRW #11s, V.R. #266]

                                Warren family genealogy sheets, 1992 manuscript]

!"HALFBREED"_LAND_SCRIP; LCCN: E93.U69, House of Representatives, 42nd Con-
gress, 2nd Session, Ex. Doc. 193, "Chippewa Halfbreeds of Lake Superior,"
[Lake Superior Halfbreed Scrip: Warren, Mary; MAY 2, 1864 - Bayfield,
Return to Mary Elizabeth "Isabelle"Kenese HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Mary Ombebewonoquay HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: "(<:<:',^"\':(ABT 1815 - DEC, 1893) Om be be won o quay [58:13] [Powell
10/0278] [Powell 8/0030]

!NAME: Hole-in-the-Day, Mary (ABT 1815 - DEC, 1893) [V.R. #61]

!GENEALOGY: Minnesota Historical Society, R.J. Powell Papers, Microf. M-455,
Roll 10, Powell Genealogies, families #58:4, #58:13
(O-4060) [notation: "M/"]

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_VIRGINIA_ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #61, the
children [cited as V.R.] have been documented from several sources as children
Return to Mary Ombebewonoquay HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Michael HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_VIRGINIA_ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64, his
godparents wwere Michel Almanand Lisette Roy.  He may be the same person as
Return to Michael HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Pahgonaygeshig Bugonaygeshig "Old_Bug" HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ Pub o nay ge shig [3:39]

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ Pah-go-nay-ge-shig [V.R.]

!NAME: "Old Bug" [V.R.]

!NAME: Hole-in-the-Day [V.R.]

!NAME: Bug-o-nay-ge-shig [Morrell]

!GENEALOGY: Minnesota Historical Society, R.J. Powell Papers,
Microf. M-455, Roll 10, Powell Genealogies, families #3:7, #3:39

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_VIRGINIA_ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #178, He had
four wives, some of whom were plural wives.  This is the Bug-o-nay-ge-shig
who was known as Old Bug of the Battle of Sugar Point.
  There are many versions of the Battle of Sugar Point -- the last Indian
battle in the United States.  The following was written by William J. Morrell,
V.R. #25, and a relative of Pah-go-nay-ge-shig (Bug-o-nay-ge-shig):
  "In the summer of 1898 Bug-o-nay-ge-shig and one of his sons went to Deer
River or grand Rapids, and bought four or five gallons of liquor and brought it
to Sugar Point and peddled it to the Indians who were living there.  During the
drunken carousal, one of the Indians was stabbed by another Indian so the
incident was immediately reported to the authorities in charge of the Indian
Affairs on the Leech Lake reservation, and Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was arrested and
convicted for introducing intoxicating liquors on an Indian reservation so he
was taken to the St. Louis county jail at Duluth, Minnesota, where he was
confined for about six months.  When the term of his sentence expired they
turned him loose without any funds to defray him for his fare and means back
home.  The old man walked all the way from Duluth to his home on Sugar Point.
He wore out his moccasins and by the time he came to his home his feet were
blistered and sore.
  "Shortly after that a United States Deputy Marshall, Edward Warren, came
after him again and he was subpoenaed as a witness on the same case against the
white man who sold him the liquor, but he refused to go and from that time on
the authorities tried to get hold of him till that Fall when the Indian Annuity
Payment was in process, there Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was again arrested by a
half-breed Policeman from the White Earth Agency.  Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was put
into the Agency jail with Shah-bon-daish-kung, and the half-breed Policeman
wanted to take his prisoners to Walker right away but some of the Indians
cautioned him, saying that it might cause some trouble and to wait until that
night when all the Indians were back to their camps but the half-breed said,
that he did not care a snap whether the Indians made any trouble or not, as he
was determined to carry out his purpose, and so he handcuffed Bug-o-nay-ge-shig
and Shah-bon-daish-kung together.  He chartered one of the little steamboats
that was anchored at the dock at the Agency Bay to take him and his prisoners
to Walker but as soon as he took the prisoners out of jail, there was a large
crowd of Indians had gathered near the jail, and there Bug-o-nay-ge-shig called
out, and said, 'Are you men going to stand there and let us be taken away from
here?' and just as he finished a number of the Indians jumped in and tried to
take the prisoners away from the Policeman.  There were about seven or eight
Indian Policemen and about twenty or thirty Indian men, and they fought all the
way to the dock or landing and there the Indians finally took the prisoners
away from the Policemen.  Bug-o-nay-ge-shig and Shah-bon-daish-kung started
toward the old Trading Post and as Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was an old man, he could
not run fast enough to outrun the younger Policemen.  They caught them again
near the store where another free-for-all battle took place: in the meantime
some of the Indian men that were looking on were ordered by the Indian Chief
Police to help and when they did a number of the Indian women pitched into the
fracas and greatly outnumbered the officers and finally liberated the
prisoners, who ran off toward Stony Point, the handcuffs were filed off from
their hands by some one who happened to have a file on hand.
  "About a week or ten days after the prisoners excapted (sic), a detachment of
the United States Army arrived at Walker under the command of Major Wilkinson
and proceeded to Sugar Point where Bug-o-nay-ge-shig lived which is now known
as Battle Point within Sugar Point.  The Bear Island and Sugar Point Indians
saw the steamboat towing a big barge loaded with soldiers approaching the Point
so they all went and waited for the boat to land at the home of
Bug-o-nay-ge-shig as the surmized (sic) that they were coming after the old
man.  When the soldiers had landed, the Commanding Officer demanded that
Bug-o-nay-ge-shig should be delivered to him, but the old man had sneaked away
from his house when he saw the steamboat approaching and he could not be found
anywhere and the Indians themselves did not know of the fact that
Bug-o-nay-ge-shig had sneaked away but the Officer persisted (sic) that the
escaped prisoners should be handed over to him, and as the Indians still
maintained that they did not now or could not find Bug-o-nay-ge-shig at that
time, some of the officers were inclined to believe that the Indians present
were purposely concealing the old man, and one of the Lieutenants fired his
revolver into the air, thinking that he would frighten the Indians and after
that shot all the Indians ran into the woods on the east side of the house
where there was a large grove of maple and elm trees.  As the solderies were in
a close formation it was an easy target for the Indians who were now shooting
at the soldiers from the brush and woods.
  "When the Lieutenant fired his revolver, the Indians thought it was a signal
for the battle to began (sic) so they began shooting.  The shooting begun (sic)
the early part of the afternoon and lasted all that day and part of the next
day.  There was not a single Indian man killed on the side of the Indians but
there was a large number of the soldiers killed and wounded during the battle.
Major Wilkinson was willed on the second day of the battle by
Mun-zi-nah-e-gauns (Billy Paper), who had to dive underwater to a distance of
about twohundred yards in order to get a good sight of Major Wilkinson, who was
giving his commands from somewhere, so the Indians could not see him.  When the
Commanding Officer of the Detachment was killed, Lieutenant Tenny Ross, 3rd
U.S. Infantry tok command of the troops and ordered the detachment to embark on
the steamboat and the battle was over.
  "During the batle, one of the several Indian Policemen that were with the
soldiers took a canoe and started out across the lake toward Bear Island, and
just as soon as the soldiers saw him, they thought it was one of their
compatants so they took a shot at him and hit him through the back.  This
Indian Policeman was Gay-gway-dah-be-tung (George Russell) and that was the
only Indian that was killed in this battle.
  "All the soldiers that were killed and wounded in this battle were thrown
into the house of Bug-o-nay-ge-shig.  When the steamboat left the Point after
the battle there was about four to six inches of stagnated blood on the floor
of the house.
  "Several of the Indians who participated in this fight are still living
(1837) and those are the informants of what actually occurred at this battle.
  "The writer was about twelve years old and was attending the Government
Indian School at the Old Agency when Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was arrested at the
Annual Payment and saw everything that transpired on that day when the Indians
took the prisoners away from the Policemen, and was at the Old Agency when
Commissioner Jones of the Indian Affairs from Washington, D.C. came to Leech
Lake to negotiate peace with the Indians."

!NARA: Red Lake Land Cession Document, 10 Mar 1902, #57, age 61, "X
Return to Pahgonaygeshig Bugonaygeshig "Old_Bug" HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Pugonaygeshig Chief_I Puinanegi HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ Pug o nay ge shig

!NAME: <,,^,^:\; Pu-in-a-ne-gi [1825-Sandy Lake]

!NAME: Bug-o-nay-ge-shig, Chief

!NAME: Hole-in-the-Day, Chief I

born in the early 1800's, died in the spring of 1847
From information received from Bruce Mellor of Little Falls, Minnesota, that
in the Taliaferro papers is a notation that the father of Bug-o-nay-ge-shig
and Strong Ground was called The Smoke: O-se-quan-wah or Gos-se-quan-waw).
  Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was at Prairie du Chien for the treaty of 1825 and signed
as Chief from Sandy Lake.
  There are several references to the fact that Bug-o-nay-ge-shig and his
brother Strong Ground were "Pipe Bearers" for Chief Ba-be-sig-aun-de-bay or
Curly Head and that they were chosen by him to take charge of the Mississippi
Chippewa when he died, Bug-o-nay-ge-shig becoming the head chief.
  The Treaty of 1837 at St. Peters in the Territory of Wisconsin (later
Minnesota) was signed byPa-goo-na-kee-zhig, or Hole in the Day, Chief, and by
Songa-ko-mig or the Strong Ground, Chief, both from Gull Lake and Swan River.
  At the Treaty of 1842 at La Pointe of Lake Superior, Po-go-ne-gi-shik signed
as 1st Chief from Crow Wing River and Song-go-com-ick as 2nd Chief from Crow
Wing River.
  It was said that Chief Bug-nay-ge-shig was not an hereditary Chief although
his mother was the daughter of a Chief.  He selected a home site at Gull Lake,
Minnesota, that was later occupied by his son, Chief Hole-in-the-Day II.  Chief
Bug-o-nay-ge-shig had several wives and children.

!Maynard Swan papers, photocopy (probably "The Man Who Lived Three Centuries"),
p. 47, His father, with a Presidential Medal from Governor Cass around has
neck, had moved to Gull Lake shortly after the death of the ruler
["Ba-be-sigundi-bay"] of the Gull Lake and Crow Wing bands in 1825.

!Wisconsin Historical Collections, Vol. V., p. 387-399, [Indian Agent] Rev.
Alfred Brunson, A.M., D.D., "Sketch of Hole-in-the-Day"
  [at the 1825 St. Peter's Treaty, Gov. Cass... asked upon what ground the
country in dispute was claimed.  Turning to the Chippewas, [Cass] asked the
same question.  Hole-in-the-Day, who, by common consent, was their chief
speaker, at once rosein his usual impetuous manner, and gracefully waving his
right arm, said: "My Father!  We claim it upon the same ground that you claim
this country from the British King--by conquest.  We drove them from the
country by force of arms, and have since occupied it; and they cannot, and dare
not, try to dispossess us of our habitations."  "Then," said Cass, "you have a
right to it."  ...  Hole-in-the-Day received a medal from Cass.
[note: this refers to the Metis Chippewa, but does not refer to the
Ahnishinahbaeotchibway, who have always lived in their Aboriginal Indigenous

!CONTACT: Bruce Mellor
          312 S.E. 3rd St.
          Little Falls, MN 56345, who has compiled extensive research on
Hole-in-the-Day the elder and
Return to Pugonaygeshig Chief_I Puinanegi HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for Rose HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_V._ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64, a Rose Hole-in-
the-day was attending St. Benedict's Academy in 1886/7 at St. Joseph,
Return to Rose HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for William HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: Hole-in-the-day, Willie (1888) [15:206] (O-907) [VR #730] [Powell

!NAME: Hole-in-the-Day, William [V.R. #730]

!GENEALOGY: Minnesota Historical Society, R.J. Powell Papers, Microf. M-455,
Roll 10, Powell Genealogies, family #15:95
  Roll Powell 14/0025, living in 1917, Mixed Blood

!GENEALOGY_COMPILED_BY_VIRGINIA_ROGERS: Broken Tooth Genealogy, #254, never
married, and had no
Return to William HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for William Kaygwaygegahbow Kaygwajegahbow HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

!NAME: \:\',{:\,<" Kay gwa je gah bow [15:25] [Powell 10/0144]

!NAME: \:\':\:\,<" (1841 - MAR 13, 1901) Kay-gway-ge-gah-bow, Chief (WE-902)
[15:25] [V.R. #100]

!NAME: "Practicing to Stand" (1841 - MAR 13, 1901) (WE-902) [V.R. #100]
[translation after Virginia Rogers]

!NAME: Hole-in-the-day, William (1841 - MAR 13, 1901) (WE-902) [V.R. #100]

!GENEALOGY: Minnesota Historical Society, R.J. Powell Papers, Microf. M-455,
Roll 10, Powell Genealogies, families #15:3, #15:25, #25:2, #41:43
(O-902) [notation: "MIXED BLOOD, Rahily 10/24/18, Died"], #41:43
  Roll 14/0025, Mixed Blood [allotted as Kaygwaygegahbow]

he suceeded Chief Ignatius Hole-in-the-Day as Chief in 1890.  His children were
born at Ponsford,
Return to William Kaygwaygegahbow Kaygwajegahbow HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

Notes for James Dominic Pagwanegijig HOLEINDAY

!RELI: Baptismal Register, St. Mary's Catholic Mission, Redlake [photostat.]:
sponsors: Daniel Sullivan, Mrs. Daniel Sullivan; sacraments: Thomas Borgerding
OSB; listed as James Dominic
Return to James Dominic Pagwanegijig HOLEINDAY

Notes for James Pahgonaykezhig Puggonaykezhig HOLEINDAY

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ (1872) Pug go nay ke zhig [1878:833]

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ (1871) Pub o nay ge shig [1885]

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ (1872) Pah go nay ge zhig [1886]

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ (1871) Pah go nay ge shig [1887-9]

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ (1870-1) Pah go nay ke zhig [*1899, 1912]

!NAME: <,\"^:\:};[ (1871) Pah go nay ke zhig [1907-8, 1920, 1958]

!NAME: <,\',^:\:};[ James Pagwanegijig [RL Bapt]

!NAME: Hole in day, James (1871) [1920]

!ANNUITY: MHS film M-390 (Roll 5), U.S. Chippewa Annuity Rolls:
Red Lake Annuity Roll, 1878:833, male, age 6
[1878], listed under: (1853) Ke-we-tah-cum-me-goke [1878:833]

!BUREAU_OF_INDIAN_AFFAIRS, "Indian Enrollments" 1885-1938 (National Archives,
Microfilm Series M-595, Rolls 243-245, 418-424 and 649-654):
Pembina White Earth B.I.A. Enrollment, 1885:79 "Way ke che ke shig's Band";
1886:61; 1887:212; 1888:213; 1889:43 "Way ke che ge shig's Band"
Red Lake BIA Enrollment, 1899:151, 1907:151, 1908:151, 1912:1057/1069, 1920
[1885], listed as son of: (1829) Nah-gaun-ah-quah-ung and
                          (1835) Ke-che-o-ke-mah-bin-ais-eak
[1889: listed alone

!NARA: Red Lake Land Cession Document, 10 Mar 1902, #104, age 31, "X
mark"/seal; listed as Pahgonay ke zhig (#2)

!B.I.A._1934_INDIAN_REORGANIZATION_ACT: I.R.A. Council "Red Lake Reservation
Basic Roll," [10 Nov 1958], Resolution No. 70-60,
[transcripton by V. Rogers], Red Lake blood quantum 4/4

!WELSA_Genealogy Sheets [V. Rogers], abt
Return to James Pahgonaykezhig Puggonaykezhig HOLEINDAY

Notes for Jane HOLEINDAY

!NAME: Hole in day, Jane (1911) [1912]

!NARA_RG_75, Series M-595, Films #243-245, 418-424 and 649-654, Red Lake BIA
Return to Jane HOLEINDAY

Notes for Mary Pagwanegijig HOLEINDAY

!NAME: <,\',^:\:};[ Pagwanegijig, Mary [RL Bapt]

!NAME: Hole in day, Mary (1908-9) [1912]

!NAME: Holinday, Mary (AUG 21, 1908 - FEB 9, 1916) [MN]

!NARA_RG_75, Series M-595, Films #243-245, 418-424 and 649-654, Red Lake BIA
Enrollment, 1912:1061/1073

!RELI: Baptismal Register, St. Mary's Catholic Mission, Redlake [photostat.]:
sponsors: Peter Debigijig, Magit Omaigwigabawik; sacraments: Thomas Borgerding

!L.D.S._FILM: 1021944: Red Lake Agency, B.I.A., Death Certificates filed with
the State (1915-32): Minnesota Death Certificates, Beltrami County, Red Lake,
1916:15, female, Indian, single, died at the age of 7 yars, 5 months, 18 days,
born in Minnesota, died of "Measles, duration 9 days, contributory cause broncho
pneumonia, duration 5 days," buried at Redlake on FEB 10,
Return to Mary Pagwanegijig HOLEINDAY

Notes for Rose Josette Pagwanegijig HOLEINDAY

!RELI: Baptismal Register, St. Mary's Catholic Mission, Redlake [photostat.]:
sponsors: P.A. Schloer, Mrs. Sayers; sacraments: P. Felix Nelles OSB; listed as
Rose Josette
Return to Rose Josette Pagwanegijig HOLEINDAY

Notes for Simon HOLEINDAY

!NAME: Simon (1891-2) [1899]

!NARA_RG_75, Series M-595, Films #243-245, 418-424 and 649-654, Red Lake BIA
Return to Simon HOLEINDAY

Notes for Theresa HOLEINDAY

!NAME: Theresa [RL Bapt]

!NAME: Holeinday, Theresa (NOV 13, 1911 - JAN 10, 1916) [MN]

!RELI: Baptismal Register, St. Mary's Catholic Mission, Redlake [photostat.]:
sponsor: John Omaiawigabo; sacraments: Thomas Borgerding OSB; notation:
"Privatum. Ceremonias supplevi Jan. 28, '12."

!L.D.S._FILM: 1021944: Red Lake Agency, B.I.A., Death Certificates filed with
the State (1915-32): Minnesota Death Certificates, Beltrami County, Red Lake,
1916:6, female, Indian, single, died at the age of 4 years, 1 month, 27 days,
born in Minnesota, parents born in Minnesota [rubber stamp], died of "broncho
pneumonia, duration 14 days, contributory cause Pott's diseases, duration 2
years;" buried at Redlake on JAN 12,
Return to Theresa HOLEINDAY